Alunul( Corylus avellana)

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[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_id=”caractere-morfologice” mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5e8db34feb469″ title=”Descriere si raspandire” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Coada șoricelului (Achillea millefolium)”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Descriere şi răspândire:

Plantă erbacee, perenă, înaltă de 30-100 cm. În pământ are un rizom scurt din care pornesc rădăcini adventive. Tulpina este erectă, dreaptă, păroasă sau glabră. Frunzele alungit-ovate, cu baza cordată, crestate pe margini, lung pedunculate, reticulat-nervate, cele bazale aşezate în rozetă, cele tulpinale 2-3 perechi mai mici şi opuse, cele florale lanceolate.

Florile purpurii sunt aşezate în verticile formând inflorescenţe terminale compacte. Caliciul tubulos, campanulat, corola bilabiată cu labiul superior ovat-alungit şi labiul inferior trilobat. Fructele-nucule brune, ovoidale, netede. Înfloreşte în lunile iunie-august.

Răspândită în întreaga ţară, prin fâneţe, poieni, margini de păduri, livezi; în zonele de deal şi până în zona montană (etajul molidului). Preferă soluri afânate. Nu este pretenţioasă la ph-ul solului.

Părţile utilizate: Herba Betonicae – părţile aeriene ale plantei.

Recoltarea:

Se face în timpul înfloririi, pe timp frumos preferabil după ora 10. Se taie cu foarfeca sau cu cuţitul bine ascuţite pentru a nu smulge planta din pământ.

Uscarea: se realizează la umbră, în strat subţire sau în uscător electric la 35-40 grade C.

Randamentul la uscare: 4/1

Condiţiile tehnice de recepţie admit ca impurităţi: plante brunificate sau îngălbenite–max. 5%, resturi de rădăcină–max. 2%, corpuri străine organice sau minerale–max. 2%, umiditate–max. 13%.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”compoziție-chimică”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c855803a2e95″ title=”Compoziție chimică” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Coada șoricelului (Achillea millefolium)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Compoziţia chimică:

Taninuri, substanţe amare, betaină, colină, stachidrină[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”utilizare”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c85580c767b7″ title=”Ultilizare” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Coada șoricelului (Achillea millefolium)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]– Stimulent al secreţiilor salivare, gastrice şi intestinale;

– Hemostatică local, prin precipitarea proteinelor;

– Astringentă şi antidiareică;

– Diuretică – prin creşterea cantităţii de urină eliminată;

– Antiseptică – prin distrugerea microorganismelor patogene;

– Colagogă – prin eliminarea bilei şi stimularea contracţiei vezicii biliare.

Recomandări:

Preparatele din Vindecea sunt complementare în: stimularea digestiei, afecţiuni ale intestinului, gută, litiază biliară, diaree, dischinezie biliară, reumatism, migrene, afecţiuni pulmonare.

Mod de folosire:

Intern-infuzie din 1 linguriţă plantă la 200 ml apă, se beau 2-3 ceaiuri pe zi.

Extern-decoct din 50 g plantă la 500 ml apă, se fierbe 10 minute, pentru spălături şi comprese pe răni, ulceraţii.

Contraindicaţii:

Nu se cunosc.

 

 

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Material publicat cu acordul autorilor:

  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Prof.Dr.Farm.Bojor Ovidiu- Fitoterapia în folosul tuturor,Ed.Medicală 2010
  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Dr.Farm.Pop Andrea,Dr.farm.Pop Oana,Dr.Farm.Pop Octavian Vasile-Terapia cu plante medicinale și suplimente alimentare,Ed Semne 2016

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