Pedicuță (Lycopodium clavatum)

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woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c837bcd59625″ title=”Alte denumiri” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Pedicuță (Lycopodium clavatum)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_id=”caractere-morfologice” mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c837bd7acd6e” title=”Caractere morfologice” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Pedicuță (Lycopodium clavatum)”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Descriere şi răspândire:

Plantă erbacee, perenă, cu tulpini târâtoare, lungi de 5-100 cm. Rădăcina ramificată dihotomic. De pe tulpina târâtoare se prind rădăcini adventive filiforme şi ramuri ascendente, înalte de 5-15 cm, care se ramifică dihotomic. Frunzele – mici, liniare, ascuţite, foarte dese şi terminate cu o aristă. Sporangii, grupaţi în spice terminale, câte 1-3 pe un pedicel cu bractei rare. Sporii ajung la ma­turitate în lunile iulie-septembrie, sunt foar­te fini şi galbeni.

Răspândită sporadic din zona coli­nară până la munte, pe soluri acide, cu humus brut, prin păduri umede, pe locuri pietroase, pajişti, în nardete.

Părţile utilizate: Herba Lycopodii – ra­murile cu frunze, fără spice sporifere şi fără tulpini târâtoare.

Recoltarea:

Se realizează în lunile iulie-august, la maturitatea spicelor care se recunosc după culoarea galbenă. Se taie cu foarfeca numai tulpinile ascendente, fără cele târâ-toare pentru a proteja specia. Spicele spo­rifere se separă în cutii de carton. Mate­rialul vegetal are culoare verde, fără miros şi gust dulceag astringent.

Uscarea:

Se curăţă ramurile îngălbenite de la bază şi se usucă la umbră, în locuri aerisite, cât mai rapid. Artificial se usucă la temperatura de 40-50 grade C. Sporii se usucă la soare.

Randamentul la uscare: 2-3/1 pentru herba; 14-16/1 pentru spori.

Condiţiile tehnice de recepţie admit ca impurităţi, pentru Herba: părţi decolorate – max. 3%, corpi străini organici şi minerali – max. 2%, umiditate – max. 13%. Pentru spori: resturi de plantă care rămân pe sită – max. 0,2%, nu se admit corpi străini organici sau minerali, umiditate – max. 6%.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”compoziție-chimică”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c837be1b4c79″ title=”Compoziție chimică” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Pedicuță (Lycopodium clavatum)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Din speciile Lycopodium s-au izolat un număr mare de alcaloizi: clavatină, licopodină, anotină, clavatoxină; nicotină, substanţe triterpenoide, episeratriol, flavonoide, substanţe minerale. Sporii conţin 50% ulei gras de culoare galben-verzuie, format din acizi palmitici şi 72% alţi acizi graşi nesaturaţi, preponderent acid oleic.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”utilizare”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c837bea40873″ title=”Ultilizare” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Pedicuță (Lycopodium clavatum)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Acţiune biologică:

– Antireumatică;

Diuretică şi antilitiazică;

– Laxativă.

Recomandări:

Preparatele din Pedicuţă sunt complementare pe cale internă în: reumatism, litiază renală, artrite, hepatite cronice, hemoroizi, crampe musculare, plăgi.

Această specie este utilizată în medicina tradiţională din cele mai vechi timpuri şi mai puţin cercetată din punct de vedere farmacodinamic.

Mod de folosire:

Intern infuzie din 1 linguriţă plantă măcinată la 200 ml apă, se bea dimineaţa la o oră după micul dejun, timp de 8 zile consecutiv pentru combaterea litiazei renale şi ca laxativ.

Extern infuzie din planta pentru băi locale, spălarea părului, comprese.

Se susţine în ştiinţă ideea de a nu fi folosită această plantă pe cale internă, ci numai extern, din cauza cercetărilor insuficiente.

Contraindicaţii:

Nu este stabilit factorul risc-beneficiu şi nici efectele secundare şi, de aceea, trebuie folosită cu prudenţă.

O supradozare are acţiune emetică.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”imagini”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c837bf360866″ title=”Galerie Imagini” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Pedicuță (Lycopodium clavatum)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][woodmart_gallery images=”10124,10123,10121,10120,10119,10115,10112,10111,10110″ view=”carousel” spacing=”10″ horizontal_align=”center” vertical_align=”middle” caption=”1″ lazy_loading=”no” slides_per_view=”4″ autoplay=”no” hide_pagination_control=”no” hide_prev_next_buttons=”no” wrap=”no” center_mode=”no” scroll_carousel_init=”no” img_size=”medium”][vc_gallery interval=”3″ images=”10413″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”note”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c837bfef3eae” title=”Note Informatorii” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Pedicuță (Lycopodium clavatum)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”bibliografie”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c837c0851793″ title=”Bibliografie” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Pedicuță (Lycopodium clavatum)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Bibliografie[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]BIBLIOGRAFIE :

Material publicat cu acordul autorilor:

  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Prof.Dr.Farm.Bojor Ovidiu- Fitoterapia în folosul tuturor,Ed.Medicală 2010
  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Dr.Farm.Pop Andrea,Dr.farm.Pop Oana,Dr.Farm.Pop Octavian Vasile-Terapia cu plante medicinale și suplimente alimentare,Ed Semne 2016

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