Porumb ( Zea mays)

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/4″][woodmart_button color=”alt” size=”large” style=”link” align=”left” woodmart_css_id=”5c7e77143c27a” title=”1 Alte denumiri” full_width=”no” button_inline=”no” link=”url:%23denumiri|title:Alte%20Denumiri||”][vc_empty_space height=”10px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_button color=”alt” size=”large” style=”link” align=”left” woodmart_css_id=”5c7e771f50374″ title=”2 Caractere morfologice” full_width=”no” button_inline=”no” link=”url:%23caractere-morfologice|title:Caractere%20morfologice||”][vc_empty_space height=”10px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_button color=”alt” size=”large” style=”link” align=”left” woodmart_css_id=”5c7e77254fe59″ title=”3 Compoziție chimică” full_width=”no” button_inline=”no” 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woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c83714772e45″ title=”Alte denumiri” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Coriandru (Coriandri fructus)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_id=”caractere-morfologice” mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c83715004ea9″ title=”Caractere morfologice” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Coriandru (Coriandri fructus)”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Descriere şi răspândire:

Plantă erbacee, anuală, exclusiv cultivată, înaltă de până la 2,5 m. Rădăcina fasciculată care pătrunde în sol până la 3 m, de la nodurile bazale ale tulpinii de la suprafaţa solului pornesc rădăcini adventive cu rol de susţinere. Tulpina – cilindrică, cu diametrul de 2-6 cm, cu internodiile pline cu măduvă şi canaliculată pe o parte. Frunzele – liniar-lanceolate, alterne, pe două rânduri, cu teaca glabră sau păroasă, fără peţiol, limb lanceolat lung de 50-80 cm, cu partea superioară aspru-pubescentă, iar faţa inferioară glabră, lucioasă şi cu nervura mediană pronunţată. Florile – unisexuate, monoice; cele mascule aşezate la vârful tulpinii şi formate din 3 stamine grupate în spiculeţe, iar acestea în panicul terminal ramificat; cele femele grupate câte 200-800 într-o inflorescenţă numită ştiulete, lungă de 10-30 (50) cm acoperită cu pănuşi (frunze bracteale); o floare femeiască este formată din ovar monocarpelar, stil lung şi stigmat bifurcat la vârf, pe rahisul ştiuletelui sunt aşezate florile în rânduri, conţinând o floare fertilă şi una sterilă. Fructul – cariopsă golaşă. Înfloreşte în lunile iunie-iulie.

Răspândită ca specie cultivată, pe soluri luto-nisipoase, cernoziomuri, brun-roşcate, cu cerinţe termice ridicate pe toată perioada de vegetaţie, germinează la minim 8-10 grade C, temperatura optimă de creştere este de 20-22 grade C, cerinţe mari faţă de apă.

Părţile utilizate: Stigmata Maydis – stilurile şi stigmatele florilor femele (mătasea de porumb).

Recoltarea:

Se face în lunile iulie-august când fructele se află în faza de lapte sau pârgă, prin culegerea cu mâna, pe vreme uscată. Miros slab, indivi­dualizat, gust dulce mucilaginos.

Uscarea:

Se face la umbră în strat subţire, artificial uscarea se face la tempera­tura de 40-50 grade C.

Randamentul la uscare: 6-7/1.

[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”compoziție-chimică”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c83715a37967″ title=”Compoziție chimică” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Coriandru (Coriandri fructus)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Compoziţie chimică:

Flavone, saponine, vitamine (K, B6, C, E), alantoină, sitosterol, stig­masterol, rezine, săruri minerale (po­tasiu, calciu, dioxid de siliciu), ulei esenţial.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”utilizare”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c8371645525c” title=”Ultilizare” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Coriandru (Coriandri fructus)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Acţiune biologică:

Diuretică – datorită sărurilor de potasiu, flavonelor şi saponinelor;

Sedativă;

Hemostatică – prin vitamina K;

Coleretică.

Recomandări:

Preparatele pe bază de mătase de Porumb se folosesc în medicina populară pe cale internă în: afecţiuni renale (cistite, pielite, albuminurie, uremie, litiază renală), afecţiuni cardio-vasculare, hepatice, diabet zaharat, gută, gripă, hemoragii gastro-intestinale, metroragii.

Mod de folosire:

Intern infuzie din 2 linguriţe mătase de porumb la 200 ml apă, se beau 2 căni pe zi.

Contraindicaţii:

Nu se cunosc.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”imagini”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c83716d0c66a” title=”Galerie Imagini” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Coriandru (Coriandri fructus)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_gallery interval=”3″ images=”10682″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”note”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c8371756f7ee” title=”Note Informatorii” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Coriandru (Coriandri fructus)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”bibliografie”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c83717cabe74″ title=”Bibliografie” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Coriandru (Coriandri fructus)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Bibliografie[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Material publicat cu acordul autorilor:

  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Prof.Dr.Farm.Bojor Ovidiu- Fitoterapia în folosul tuturor,Ed.Medicală 2010
  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Dr.Farm.Pop Andrea,Dr.farm.Pop Oana,Dr.Farm.Pop Octavian Vasile-Terapia cu plante medicinale și suplimente alimentare,Ed Semne 2016

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