Frasin (Fraxinus excelsior)

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woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c857aa8b00f9″ title=”Alte denumiri” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Frasin (Fraxinus excelsior)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_id=”caractere-morfologice” mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c857ab6a7544″ title=”Caractere morfologice” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Frasin (Fraxinus excelsior)”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Descriere şi răspândire:

                   Arbore viguros, înalt de până la 40 m. Tulpina este dreaptă, cu ramuri puţine îndreptate în sus; coroana ovoidă, scoarţa cenuşie-verzuie la tinereţe se transformă în ritidom negricios cu crăpături mărunte. Mugurii brun-închis până la negru, mici şi opuşi. Frunzele opuse, imparipenat compuse, lungi de 30-40 cm, cu 7-15 foliole sesile, ovat-lanceolate, acuminate, fin-serate pe margini, glabre pe dos, uşor pubescente de-a lungul nervurii mediane. Florile sunt poligame şi se deschid înaintea înfrunzirii, nude (fără caliciu şi corolă), grupate în panicule pendente negre-violacee. Fructele-samare, cenuşii-gălbui, liniar-lanceolate, turtite, vârful trunchiat. Înfloreşte în a doua jumătate a lunii aprilie.

Răspândită de la câmpie la deal, în margini şi rarişti de pădure, zăvoaie, preferă soluri umede, chiar temporar inundate, fertile, profunde, bogate în calciu. Este rezistent la noxe, fiind cultivat de-a lungul şoselelor.

Părţile utilizate: Folium Fraxini – foliolele frunzelor.

Recoltarea:

                   Se face în mai-iulie, prin strujirea foliolelor de pe peţiolul principal. Fără miros specific, gust dulceag-amărui, astringent.

Uscarea:

                   Se face la umbră, în strat subţire, în locuri aerate. Artificial se usucă la 40-50 grade C.

Randamentul la uscare: 3-4/1

Condiţiile tehnice de recepţie admit ca impurităţi: resturi de peţioli-max. 3%, frunze decolorate sau brunificate-max. 2%, corpuri străine organice şi minerale-max. 1%, umiditate-max. 13%.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”compoziție-chimică”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c857abf892d9″ title=”Compoziție chimică” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Frasin (Fraxinus excelsior)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Compoziţia chimică:

                   Frunzele conţin: manitol, inozitol, cvercitrină, acid malic, tanin, acid ursolic, gume, ulei esenţial care conţine terpene, derivaţi cumarinici, o chinonă asemănătoare cu vitamina K2.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”utilizare”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c857ac9989c7″ title=”Ultilizare” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Frasin (Fraxinus excelsior)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Acţiune biologică:

– Diuretică, diaforetică şi laxativă datorită conţinutului în manitol şi flavonoide.

Recomandări:

                   Preparatele din Frasin sunt complementare în: reumatism, gută, constipaţii cronice, colecistite, angiocolite, ulcer gastric şi duodenal, dismenoree, metroragii, enterocolite, acnee, hemoroizi, leucoree, plăgi greu vindecabile, regenerarea părului.

                   Mod de folosire:

                   Intern-infuzie din 1 linguriţă frunze la 200 ml apă, se beau 2-3 ceaiuri pe zi.

Extern-infuzie pentru băi locale, spălături vaginale, limpezirea părului împotriva căderii.

Contraindicaţii:

                   Nu se cunosc.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”imagini”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c857ad211cfb” title=”Galerie Imagini” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Frasin (Fraxinus excelsior)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][woodmart_gallery images=”10124,10123,10121,10120,10119,10115,10112,10111,10110″ view=”carousel” spacing=”10″ horizontal_align=”center” vertical_align=”middle” caption=”1″ lazy_loading=”no” slides_per_view=”4″ autoplay=”no” hide_pagination_control=”no” hide_prev_next_buttons=”no” wrap=”no” center_mode=”no” scroll_carousel_init=”no” img_size=”medium”][vc_gallery interval=”3″ images=”10294″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”note”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c857adbabb55″ title=”Note Informatorii” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Frasin (Fraxinus excelsior)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”bibliografie”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c857ae4234e7″ title=”Bibliografie” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Frasin (Fraxinus excelsior)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Bibliografie[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]BIBLIOGRAFIE :

Material publicat cu acordul autorilor:

  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Prof.Dr.Farm.Bojor Ovidiu- Fitoterapia în folosul tuturor,Ed.Medicală 2010
  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Dr.Farm.Pop Andrea,Dr.farm.Pop Oana,Dr.Farm.Pop Octavian Vasile-Terapia cu plante medicinale și suplimente alimentare,Ed Semne 2016

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