Isop (Hyssopus)

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/4″][woodmart_button color=”alt” size=”large” style=”link” align=”left” woodmart_css_id=”5c7e77143c27a” title=”1 Alte denumiri” full_width=”no” button_inline=”no” link=”url:%23denumiri|title:Alte%20Denumiri||”][vc_empty_space height=”10px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_button color=”alt” size=”large” style=”link” align=”left” woodmart_css_id=”5c7e771f50374″ title=”2 Caractere morfologice” full_width=”no” button_inline=”no” link=”url:%23caractere-morfologice|title:Caractere%20morfologice||”][vc_empty_space height=”10px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_button color=”alt” size=”large” style=”link” align=”left” woodmart_css_id=”5c7e77254fe59″ title=”3 Compoziție chimică” full_width=”no” button_inline=”no” 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Note” full_width=”no” button_inline=”no” link=”url:%23note|title:Note||”][vc_empty_space height=”10px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_button color=”alt” size=”large” style=”link” align=”left” woodmart_css_id=”5c7e77464f745″ title=”7 Bibliografie” full_width=”no” button_inline=”no” link=”url:%23bibliografie|title:Bibliografie||”][vc_empty_space height=”10px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_button color=”alt” size=”large” style=”link” align=”left” woodmart_css_id=”5c7ea40bc4e39″ title=”8 Legături interne” full_width=”no” button_inline=”no” link=”url:%23legaturi-interne|title:Leg%C4%83turi%20interne||”][vc_empty_space height=”10px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_button color=”alt” size=”large” style=”link” align=”left” 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woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c838019b6ed5″ title=”Alte denumiri” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Isop (Hyssopus)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_id=”caractere-morfologice” mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c838023d0a48″ title=”Caractere morfologice” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Isop (Hyssopus)”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Descriere şi răspândire:

Plantă erbacee de cultură, înaltă de 20-60 cm. În pământ, are un rizom scurt, de culoare brună, de pe care pornesc nume­roase rădăcini adventive. Tulpina aeriană este ramificată de la bază şi lignificată, cu 4 muchii, ierboasă în partea superioară. Frunzele – opuse, scurt peţiolate, liniar-lan­ceolate, lungi de 2-4 cm şi late de 2-8 mm, glabre, lucioase, cu marginea întreagă. Florile – grupate în inflorescenţe spiciforme, unilaterale, formate din 7-9 flori aşezate la subsuoara frunzelor superioare; caliciul tubulos cu 5 dinţi, corola bilabiată, cu labiul superior bilobat, iar cel inferior trilobat, de culoare violetă, rar roz sau albă, 4 stamine erecte dintre care 2 mai lungi, gineceu cu stil şi stigmat uşor bifurcat, care iese cu mult afară din corolă. Fructele – nucule obovate, trunchiate, grupate câte 4, lungi de 2-2,5 mm şi late de 1-1,2 mm. Înfloreşte în lunile iulie-septembrie.

Răspândită în culturi, dar o putem găsi şi subspontan în zone apropiate unde se poate disemina. Nu are pretenţii faţă de umiditate, este rezistentă la geruri şi la se­cetă; este plantă cu temperament de lumină şi are cerinţe mari faţă de căldură; preferă solurile calcaroase.

Părţile utilizate: Herba Hyssopi – părţile aeriene nelignificate.

Recoltarea:

Se face între orele 10-17, pe timp uscat, când plantele sunt înflorite pe jumătate, cu secera sau cositoarea; se înlătură părţile lemnificate. Plantele de Isop au miros aromat, gust aromatic slab-arzător.

Uscarea:

Se face la umbră, în încăperi bine aerate, în strat subţire sau artificial la temperatura de 30-35 grade C.

Randamentul la uscare: 4 – 5/1.

Condiţiile tehnice de recepţie admit ca impurităţi: tulpini lignificate sau plante brunificare – max. 3%, corpuri străine organice şi minerale – max. 1%, umiditate – max. 12%.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”compoziție-chimică”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c83802d40d50″ title=”Compoziție chimică” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Isop (Hyssopus)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Compoziţie chimică:

Ulei esenţial format din: pinene, pinocanifone şi izopinocanifone; estragali, borneol, geroniol, limonene, tuione, myrcene, cariofilene, morubiina, acid urso­lic, acid oleanolic, beta-sitosterol, tanin, diosmină, hisopină, gumirezine, zaha­ruri, săruri minerale.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”utilizare”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c838036ce30a” title=”Ultilizare” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Isop (Hyssopus)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Acţiune biologică:

– Expectorantă şi antiseptică – datorită diosminei şi hisopinei din uleiul esenţial;

Tonic-amară şi uşor astringentă – datorită marubinei şi taninurilor;

Antispastică;

– Fungicidă, bactericidă şi antivirală prin uleiul esenţial;

– Digestivă, carminativă şi vermifugă;

– Diuretică şi sedativă;

– Emenagogă;

– Febrifugă;

– Antiseptică şi cicatrizantă prin uleiul esenţial.

Recomandări:

Preparatele din Isop sunt complementare pe cale internă în: afecţiuni ale aparatului respirator (bronşite, astm bronşic, gripe, faringite, amigdalită acută şi cronică, adenoidită – polipi nazali, tuberculoză), stimularea poftei de mâncare, eliminarea balonărilor şi meteorismului intestinal, colici, indi­gestie, uretrită, cistită, dizenterie, parazitoze intestinale, în afecţiuni geni­tale (amenoree, leucoree), anxietate, oboseală, stres, creşterea imunităţii, tulburări ale sistemului central (de memorie, senescenţă).

Pe cale externă, sunt complementare în: dermatite, eczeme, arsuri, cicatrice cheloide, tonifierea pielii şi părului.

Mod de folosire:

Intern infuzie din 1-2 linguriţe sau 1-2 doze plantă la 200 ml apă, se beau 2-3 ceaiuri pe zi.

Extern infuzie dublu concentrate pentru spălături locale şi comprese.

Contraindicaţii:

În sarcină, epilepsie, hipertensiune arterială.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”imagini”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c838040c3d56″ title=”Galerie Imagini” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Isop (Hyssopus)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][woodmart_gallery images=”10124,10123,10121,10120,10119,10115,10112,10111,10110″ view=”carousel” spacing=”10″ horizontal_align=”center” vertical_align=”middle” caption=”1″ lazy_loading=”no” slides_per_view=”4″ autoplay=”no” hide_pagination_control=”no” hide_prev_next_buttons=”no” wrap=”no” center_mode=”no” scroll_carousel_init=”no” img_size=”medium”][vc_gallery interval=”3″ images=”10361″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”note”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c83804c82be7″ title=”Note Informatorii” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Isop (Hyssopus)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”bibliografie”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c838059e61f6″ title=”Bibliografie” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Isop (Hyssopus)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Bibliografie[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]BIBLIOGRAFIE :

Material publicat cu acordul autorilor:

  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Prof.Dr.Farm.Bojor Ovidiu- Fitoterapia în folosul tuturor,Ed.Medicală 2010
  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Dr.Farm.Pop Andrea,Dr.farm.Pop Oana,Dr.Farm.Pop Octavian Vasile-Terapia cu plante medicinale și suplimente alimentare,Ed Semne 2016

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