Busuioc (Ocimum basilicum)

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woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c836fd6adf8a” title=”Alte denumiri” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Busuioc (Ocimum basilicum)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_id=”caractere-morfologice” mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c836fde3e1bc” title=”Caractere morfologice” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Busuioc (Ocimum basilicum)”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Descriere şi răspândire:

Plantă erbacee, anuală, de cultură, înaltă de 20-60 cm. În pământ are o rădăcină fibroasă ramificată. Tulpina este dreaptă, ramificată de la bază, cu 4 muchii, păroasă mai mult în partea superioară. Frunzele – opuse, ovate, cu vârful ascuţit, marginile rar-dinţate, lungi de 3-5 cm şi late de 2-2,5 cm, glabre, lung-peţiolate şi lucitoare. Florile for­mează inflorescenţe spiciforme din câte 4- 6 pseudoverticile aşezate în partea superi­oară a ramurilor. Florile sunt formate din ca­liciu bilabiat, corola albă sau roză, cu labiul superior prevăzut cu 4 dinţi, iar cel inferior întreg şi mai lung, 4 stamine care ies din co­rolă împreună cu stilul gineceului. Fructele – nucule, ovate, negricioase, grupate câte 4 la baza caliciului persistent. Înfloreşte în lunile iulie-septembrie.

Răspândită exclusiv în culturi, cere multă căldură, dar îşi păstrează uleiurile esenţiale şi în condiţii de semiumbră. Nu suportă brumele târzii de primăvară. Are ce­rinţe moderate faţă de umiditate. Se dezvoltă numai pe soluri fertile, permeabile cu struc­tură bună.

Părţile utilizate: Herba Basilici.

Recoltarea:

Se face la începutul înfloririi, prin tăiere cu cuţitul sau foarfeca a întregii plante la o distanţă de 10-12 cm faţă de pământ. Are miros plăcut aromat, caracteristic şi gust aromatic specific.

Uscarea:

Pe cale naturală, plantele se usucă la umbră în locuri aerisite, iar pe cale artificială, temperatura să nu depăşească 37 grade C; în timpul uscării, plantele nu se întorc.

Randamentul la uscare: 6-1.

Condiţiile tehnice de recepţie admit ca impurităţi: frunze brunificate, fructificaţii, ramuri fără frunze – max. 5%, corpuri străine organice şi minerale – max. 0,5%, umiditate – max. 13%.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”compoziție-chimică”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c836fe593654″ title=”Compoziție chimică” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Busuioc (Ocimum basilicum)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Compoziţie chimică:

Planta şi uleiul esenţial conţin acizi: palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic şi linolenic. Alte componente: saponozide triterpenice, taninuri, estragol, eucalip­tol, camfor, eugenol, ocimene, anetol.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”utilizare”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c836fecdf42e” title=”Ultilizare” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Busuioc (Ocimum basilicum)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Acţiune biologică:

– Tonic-stomahică şi carminativă;

– Expectorantă şi antispastică, antiinflamatoare a căilor respiratorii;

Diuretică;

Bactericidă şi bacteriostatică – pentru Salmonella, Mycobacter;

Diaforetică;

Galactogogă;

Laxativă;

Sedativă;

Antihelmintică;

– Uşor narcotică – numai frunzele.

Recomandări:

Preparatele din Busuioc sunt complementare pe cale internă în: tulburări gastro-intestinale (colici, balonări, ulcer gastric, greaţă şi vomă), respiratorii (bronşite, rinite, tuse, gripă, guturai, sinuzite, alergii), boli infecţioase, anxietate (frică, emotivitate crescută), depresii, oboseală, stres, insomnii, migrene, cefalee, helmintiaze.

Mod de folosire:

Intern infuzie din 1 lingură plantă la 200 ml apă, se beau 2 căni pe zi, după mesele principale.

Extern infuzie sub formă de inhalaţii, gargară, spălături locale şi comprese, se pot adăuga 2-3 picături ulei esenţial, unguente cu Busuioc în caz de crăpături la călcâie, uscarea buzelor.

Contraindicaţii:

Nu se administrează în timpul sarcinii. Extern în cantităţi foarte mari poate fi iritant dermic.

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Material publicat cu acordul autorilor:

  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Prof.Dr.Farm.Bojor Ovidiu- Fitoterapia în folosul tuturor,Ed.Medicală 2010
  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Dr.Farm.Pop Andrea,Dr.farm.Pop Oana,Dr.Farm.Pop Octavian Vasile-Terapia cu plante medicinale și suplimente alimentare,Ed Semne 2016

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