Șovârv (Origanum vulgare)

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woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c84c5e9efbf1″ title=”Alte denumiri” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Șovârv (Origanum vulgare)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row el_id=”caractere-morfologice” mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c84c5f4d5b22″ title=”Caractere morfologice” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Șovârv (Origanum vulgare)”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Descriere şi răspândire:

Plantă erbacee, perenă, înaltă de 30-60 (80) cm. În pământ are un rizom orizontal, gros de 2-3 cm, brun-cenuşiu din care pornesc stoloni subterani şi rădăcini adventive. Tulpina aeriană este ramificată în partea superioară, cu lăstari sterili şi floriferi, cu 4 muchii puţin proeminente, de culoare verzuie cu nuanţe roşietice, păroasă. Frunzele – opuse, ovate, scurt peţiolate, lungi de 3-5 cm, cu marginile întregi. Florile – aşezate la vârful ramurilor în inflorescenţe corimbiforme, au simetrie bilaterală şi sunt poligam-dioice; cu caliciul redus la 2 mm, campanulat, corola roz-violacee până la 6 mm, bilabiată, cu labiul su­perior foarte mic şi labiul inferior cu 3 lobi şi răsfrânt în jos, 4 stamine – 2 situate în labiul superior şi 2 spre labiul inferior. Fructele –  nucule ovoidale mici de 1 mm, grupate câte 4 în caliciul persistent. Înfloreşte în lunile iulie-august.

Răspândită în flora spontană din câm­pie până în zona alpină, în rarişti şi margini de pădure, tufişuri, pe soluri neutre, până la alcaline, afânate; pretenţioasă faţă de lu­mină şi rezistentă la temperaturi scăzute şi ridicate.

Părţile utilizate: Herba Origani – partea aeriană de 15-25 cm lungime de la vârful tulpinii.

Recoltarea:

Se face în perioada de înflorire, dimi­neaţa după ce se ridică roua, prin tăierea părţii aeriene de la ultima ramificaţie de jos, fără partea lignificată. Are miros aromat, caracteristic, gust amar-aromatic.

Uscarea:

Pe cale naturală, se usucă la umbră, în strat subţire sau legate şi atârnate de sfori, dar în acest caz se taie plantele mai lungi ca după uscare să se îndepărteze părţile legate; artificial temperatura să nu depăşească 35 grade C pentru a proteja uleiurile esenţiale.

Randamentul la uscare: 3/1.

Condiţiile tehnice de recepţie admit ca impurităţi: plante decolorate, brunificate sau mai lungi de 20 cm – max. 5%, corpi străini organici – max. 1%, minerale – max. 0,5%, umiditate –  max. 13%.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”compoziție-chimică”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c84c5fc973a9″ title=”Compoziție chimică” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Șovârv (Origanum vulgare)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Compoziţie chimică:

Ulei esenţial 0,8-1,2% format din fenoli monoterpenici (50-80%) din care predomină carvacrolul şi timolul, cimol, origanen, depside, flavonoizi, heterozide ale apigenolului, luteol, camferol, antociani, acid ursolic şi oleanolic, acid cafeic.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”utilizare”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c84c60513b83″ title=”Ultilizare” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Șovârv (Origanum vulgare)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Acţiune biologică:

– Antispastică – asupra musculaturii netede şi pe sistemul nervos central;

Sedativă – asupra sistemului nervos central, în special asupra centrilor respiratori;

Bronhodilatantă, fluidifiantă a secreţiilor bronşice şi expectorantă;

– Tonic-amară, uşor astringentă şi carminativă – datorită substanţelor amare;

Imunostimulentă;

– Antiseptică – distrugând bacteriile patogene de pe tegumente şi mucoase, prin uleiul esenţial care este bactericid şi bacteriostatic, fungicid şi antiviral;

Analgezică şi antiinflamatoare.

Recomandări:

Preparatele din Sovârv sunt complementare pe cale internă în: infecţii respiratorii (bronşite, tuse convulsivă, traheite, astm bronşic), gastrite hipoacide, anorexie, colite de fermentaţie, flatulenţă, dispepsii, astenie, sistem nervos labil, reumatism, afecţiuni urogenitale.

Extern, preparatele pe bază de Sovârv sunt complementare în: boli de piele, întreţinerea tenului gras acneic, igiena cavităţii bucale, stimularea creşterii părului şi eliminarea mătreţei.

Mod de folosire:

Intern infuzie din 1-2 linguriţe de plantă la 200 ml apă, se beau 2-3 căni pe zi.

Extern infuzie pentru spălături locale, gargară, adăugată la apa de baie generală în caz de dureri reumatice.

Contraindicaţii:

Nu se cunosc.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”imagini”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c84c60dbb913″ title=”Galerie Imagini” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Șovârv (Origanum vulgare)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][woodmart_gallery images=”10124,10123,10121,10120,10119,10115,10112,10111,10110″ view=”carousel” spacing=”10″ horizontal_align=”center” vertical_align=”middle” caption=”1″ lazy_loading=”no” slides_per_view=”4″ autoplay=”no” hide_pagination_control=”no” hide_prev_next_buttons=”no” wrap=”no” center_mode=”no” scroll_carousel_init=”no” img_size=”medium”][vc_gallery interval=”3″ images=”10482″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”note”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c84c617a5c35″ title=”Note Informatorii” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Șovârv (Origanum vulgare)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″ el_id=”bibliografie”][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_separator color=”white”][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_empty_space height=”60px” woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row mobile_bg_img_hidden=”no” tablet_bg_img_hidden=”no” woodmart_parallax=”0″ woodmart_gradient_switch=”no” row_reverse_mobile=”0″ row_reverse_tablet=”0″ woodmart_disable_overflow=”0″][vc_column][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_empty_space woodmart_hide_large=”0″ woodmart_hide_medium=”0″ woodmart_hide_small=”0″ woodmart_hide_extra_small=”0″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][woodmart_title align=”left” style=”underlined” woodmart_css_id=”5c84c61f4bf12″ title=”Bibliografie” title_width=”100″ subtitle=”Șovârv (Origanum vulgare)”][vc_row_inner][vc_column_inner][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]Bibliografie[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text text_larger=”no”]BIBLIOGRAFIE :

Material publicat cu acordul autorilor:

  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Prof.Dr.Farm.Bojor Ovidiu- Fitoterapia în folosul tuturor,Ed.Medicală 2010
  • Dr.Biolog Pop Maria,Dr.Farm.Pop Andrea,Dr.farm.Pop Oana,Dr.Farm.Pop Octavian Vasile-Terapia cu plante medicinale și suplimente alimentare,Ed Semne 2016

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